Rare Oncology News

Disease Profile

Hypotelorism cleft palate hypospadias

Prevalence
Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.
<1 / 1 000 000

< 331

US Estimated

< 514

Europe Estimated

Age of onset

Infancy

ageofonset-infancy.svg

ICD-10

Q87.8

Inheritance

Autosomal dominant A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease

rnn-autosomaldominant.svg

Autosomal recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype

no.svg

X-linked
dominant X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.

no.svg

X-linked
recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder

no.svg

Mitochondrial or multigenic Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.

Multigenic or multifactor Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.

no.svg

Not applicable

no.svg

Other names (AKA)

Schilbach-Rott syndrome; Ocular hypotelorism, submucosal cleft palate, and hypospadias; Blepharofacioskeletal syndrome

Categories

Congenital and Genetic Diseases; Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Summary

The following summary is from Orphanet, a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.
orphanet

Orpha Number: 2353

Definition
Schilbach-Rott syndrome (SRS) is an autosomal dominant dysmorphic disorder that is characterized by dysmorphic facies with hypotelorism, blepharophimosis, and cleft palate, and the frequent occurrence of hypospadias in males.

Epidemiology
SRS has been described in 18 individuals to date. Its prevalence is unknown.

Clinical description
Features of SRS include a typical facial gestalt characterized by hypotelorism, blepharophimosis, facial asymmetry, small posteriorly angulated ears, a long prominent nose, a small mouth and an array of cleft palate abnormalities. Cutaneous syndactyly of the fingers and toes is a recurrent manifestation. Affected individuals often have a short stature and may present with a mild intellectual disability or learning difficulties. Hypospadias is frequently reported in males with SRS.

Etiology
Etiology is unknown.

Genetic counseling
Transmission is autosomal dominant with variable expressivity.

Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.

Learn more

These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.

In-Depth Information

  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.